1. WHEN was the Gita sermonised?
The Bhagavad Gita is one of the most popular scriptures which people have been reading and teaching daily with great devotion. Some of the verses of Gita are very well known. In one popular verse – Krishna says that he would incarnate in the world when there is a decline of righteousness and unrighteousness prevails, to establish dharma.
According to the cycles of time there are four main ages or epochs namely Satyuga, Tretayuga, Dwapuryuga, and then Kaliyug.
It is believed that Shri Krishna sermonized the Gita in Dwapur Yug.
The question that many people are asking is that- If Shri Krishna had sermonised the Gita in Dwapur Yug to establish righteousness, the age that followed DwaparYug is Kaliyug. Everyone knows that Kaliyuga is full of unrighteousness, devilishness, and there is an all-round decline of moral and spiritual values. So if Krishna comes in Dwapur Yug, Kaliyug should be better but it is not the case.
It is written in many scriptures that a time would come when there would be a great destruction of the humanity (pralaya)
Since time spins in a cyclic pattern according to the kaal chakra [wheel of time], when Kaliyug ends, Sat Yug, the Age of Righteousness or Dharma, starts and the creation would be replete with all celestial degrees. There will be health, wealth, and happiness for everyone in Satyug and it would be veritable heaven on earth.
So, one may wonder whether God is going to incarnate now at the end of Kaliyug, and Sermonize Gita again and re-educate His children to become righteous.
It is more logical to think that He would incarnate at the end of Kaliyuga, i.e, before the dawn of Satyuga or, to be exact, at the confluence or meeting of these two ages.
This period can be called the Confluence Age or Sangam Yug which would be the fifth Age. So the five Ages would be Satyug, Tretayug, Dwapuryug, Kaliyug and Sangam Yug.
Now, let us examine the aspect of what is the form and attributes of God, the only one who has the power to change this impure world.
2. WHO is the Supreme Soul (Paramatma) – Shri Krishna, or God Shiva?
Some people call God 'Ishwar', some call Him Jehova, while some call him 'Allah', but He and His form remain the same.
1) God is one who is accepted by all, He is incorporeal.
2) God is the Supreme,
3) God is beyond all bondages of action,
4) God is omniscient,
5) God is boundless or unlimited in all His attributes.
God is the father, mother, friend, preceptor / guide, teacher and protector of all souls. He is the only one who has no parents, guide, teacher or protector above Him. He is incorporeal.
Unlike human souls, God doesn’t come into the cycle of birth and death. Hence He is called ' Ajanma' (One who doesn’t take birth).
It is said in the Gita, “I am 'Mahakaal ' (the great death ]. Death can never approach me.”
Upon taking birth, humans are bound to act and get the fruit of their actions. God, however, is 'Akarta' (one who does not perform any action) and 'Abhokta' (one who doesn’t experience the result of any action).
God is said to be 'Trikaldarshi' (one who knows the three aspects of time – the past, present and future).
God is described as Trilokinath or Lord of the three worlds.
He is also described as Trinetri or one with ‘three eyes’. He bestows the knowledge of the third eye on humans.
According to mythology, Sri Krishna was born to human beings, had parents, a teacher, he became old, and was killed. He worshipped Lord Shiva before the Maha Bharat war took place.
So, considering all these aspects, he can only be called a deity because of his divine qualities but not as the Supreme Soul, Paramatma,God.
3. What actions does the Supreme Soul perform and the description of Him.
God Shiva is referred to as Paramatma [Param+atma -the Supreme Soul], while all the other gods and goddesses in the Hindu pantheon are called devi devatas or deities. That is why the prayer, Brahma devaaya namah, Vishnu devaaya namah, Shankar devaaya namah…, ends with Shiv paramaatmaaya namah.
The Supreme Soul never takes birth as humans do. He however takes a divine birth to salvage humanity. Divine birth means that He does not enter the womb of a mother; He enters the body of a human being whom He names Prajapita Brahma. He uses the organ of the mouth of this individual called Brahma to speak. He gives the knowledge to create the new world or Satyug.
Since His birth is divine and spiritual, God is the One who does not have parents. That’s why the word 'Shambhu' is suffixed to Shiva. 'Shambhu' is short for 'Swayambhu' – the One who is self created. The Supreme Soul has no father or mother, friend or relative, preceptor or protector. He is also described as the One who is beyond the cycle of birth and death.
It is said that Lord Rama himself made and worshipped a Shiva lingam in Rameswaram before defeating Ravan. Sri Krishna worshipped the Shiva lingam at Gopeshwar. Similarly, it is said that on the battlefield of Kurukshetra, before the war started, all the five Pandavs and Krishna worshipped Lord Shiva as Sthaneshwar(Lord of the Place) to gain powers. It is described in the scriptures that whenever the deities faced any problems, they used to rush to Lord Shiva for help.
We see pictures depicting Mahadev, Shankar, doing tapasya in front of a Shivalingam. It means that deity Shankar and Shiva are two separate entities.
Shankar has a subtle body whereas Shiva is nirakar or incorporeal, meaning, He does not have a subtle or gross bodily form.
Maha dev Shankar is not worshipped in the form of a lingam;
The Lingam is called Shiva lingam not Shankar lingam. Shankar is shown wearing a crescent moon, a snake around his neck, and river Ganges flowing from his head.
The conclusion that can be drawn is that Rama, Sri Krishna, and Shankar are deities whereas Shiva is Parmatma or the supreme soul.
God Shiva is incorporeal; He is a Point of Light, or Jyoti Bindu. For the purpose of worship devotees use a Shiva lingum as it is not practical to worship a bindi or Jyoti bindu, Shiva’s true form.
The Supreme Soul, Supreme Father Shiva is the Creator of the three murthis of Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahadev Shankar. God Shiva creates the New world through Brahma, sustains that world through Vishnu, and carries out destruction of the iron aged world through Shankar.
God is described as Satyam, Shivam , Sundaram, that is, the TRUTH, the BENEFACTOR, and the BEAUTIFUL.
God is the Truth, God is the Benefactor, God is beautiful (constantly pure). He is Satyam, Shivam, Sundaram.
4 – The descent of Shiv Paramatma at Sangamyug, according to scriptures
If the spiritual secrets behind the festival of Shivratri are understood, world transformation will take place easily. Shivratri is not a festival for just Shaivites. If one studies ancient civilizations and cultures it becomes apparent that Shivratri is a festival for all souls of the world.
For example, in the Mahabharata it’s written – “When this world plunged into clutches of darkness and vicious proliferation, an egg-like form of light descended and established a new world order. The light uttered a few words and gave divine birth to Prajapita Brahma.” (It is also mentioned in some puranas)
In the Manu smriti, it is mentioned that in the very beginning of creation, a point of light manifested itself, and its brilliance was like that of a sun. (Manu smriti, chapter 1, verses 6,7, 9)
Likewise, in the Dharma Samhita part of Shivpuran, it is stated that at the end of Kaliyug, during the time of destruction, a magnificent light (Jyotirling) revealed itself and it was blindingly luminous and radiant.
Further, it is said that the light was eternal and it never decreased or increased in size, and that the world was created through this light.
Shiv puran- Koti Rudra samhita – 42nd chapter – God Shiva says that He would be revealed from Brahma’s forehead.
When God Shiva descends at confluence of kaliyug and Satyug, or Sangam yug He gives the knowledge that Time moves in a cyclic pattern and that all the 4 ages (Satyug, Treta, Dwapar,and Kaliyug) get repeated every cycle or kalpa. A kalpa is of 5000 years duration.
The 100 year period between the end of Kaliyug and the beginning of Satyug is called the Sangam yug or Confluence Age. It is the most auspicious age because God comes on earth at that time. In fact it is the most elevated age because man becomes elevated hence it is also called Purshottam sangam yug.
When God Shiva comes, He sermonises Gita, and establishes the 'Original Eternal Deity Religion' (Adi Sanatan Devi- Devata Dharm). This is the religion that gets continued in Satyug and Treta yug. God’s descent and incarnation on earth is known as Shivratri or Shiv jayanti. Since He sermonizes the Gita it is also the birth of the Gita.
Not only Hindus, but Jews, Christians and Muslims also believe in an incorporeal God. There are Shiva temples in every nook and corner of India. He is venerated as Vishwanath in the east (Kashi), Amarnath in the north, Rameshwar in the south, Somnath in the west, Mahakaleshwar in Ujjain, Kedarnath in the Himalayas, Vaidyanath in Bihar, Omkarnath in Madhya Pradesh, Bhuvaneshwar, and Dwarka. In Nepal, Shiva is worshipped as Pashupatinath.
The ancient names of God such as 'Shuin' in Babylon, 'Seva' or 'Sevajya' in Syria, Egypt and Fiji; 'Sibru' in the land occupied by the progeny of Abraham and Jehova are not too different from the Sanskrit word 'Shiva', which, according to some scholars, is the confluence of two phonetic parts, 'shi' and 'va', meaning 'redeemer' and 'liberator' from sins and sufferings.
From the above, it may be inferred that Supreme Soul Shiva has done something praiseworthy for the betterment of the whole world and hence He is remembered by people of all cultures and religions in different ways.
The Supreme Soul, God, incarnates in Sangamyug and educates human beings on how to lead a pure and elevated life. His sermons are called shrimat. It is the real Gita sermonised by God Himself that becomes instrumental in establishing a new world order, a new religion called Adi Sanatana Devi devata Dharm (The Original Eternal Deity Religion)..
5. Is Gita originally a part of Mahabarat?
Students of Sanskrit literature are well aware that the original name of epic Mahabharat was Jai Samhita which contained around 8000 shlokas (verses). Some more writers went on adding to it and it was later re-named Bharat Samhita, keeping in view that it was the story of this great country called Bharat. Many more writers subsequently added more matter and it became quite voluminous in size. Then its name was changed to Mahabharat.
In Gita, there are 700 Sanskrit verses contained within 18 chapters, divided into three sections each consisting of six chapters. They are Karma Yoga– the yoga of actions. Bhakti Yoga– the yoga of devotion and Jnana Yoga– the yoga of knowledge. From Gita one can learn accurate and fundamental knowledge about God, the ultimate truth, creation, birth and death, the results of actions, the eternal soul, liberation and the purpose as well as the goal of human life.
Some scholars opine that Gita was originally a separate granth/ book which was later on included in Mahabharat. They contend that in most parts of Gita, there is no mention of any physical war. What is dealt in it is a spiritual war –mention of soul, God, nature, birth, re-birth, action or karma, devotion, virtues and vices, salvation, etc.
Mahabharat is an epic, it is not a history book. Dr.S.Radhakrishnan, an eminent philosopher (ex president of India), also had, in his book on Gita, written – “We do not know the name of the author of the Gita; so also the names of the authors of almost all ancient books of Bharat are unknown.”
6. What is the time now in the time cycle?
Presently, we are in Sangamyug. God Shiva has descended on earth and has been teaching the ancient Raja yoga. His elevated versions are called shrimat. God is sermonising Gita once again in this kalpa during this Sangamyug.
Brahma kumaris have been spreading His teachings since 75 years. This Raja yoga course is given free of charge. There are already around 9,000 Brahma Kumaris centres in 135 countries. Brahma Kumaris Organisation has been working with the United Nations for world peace and upliftment of humanity for more than 30 years and received many awards.
You are all welcome to learn this Raj yoga and learn to establish a link with the Supreme Soul who is the Ocean of Knowledge and the World Almighty Authority.